Introduction to Media, Strategies, & Methods




Related Resources

Learning Environment Design Framework
Instructional Design Toolkit

ISD Concept Map
ISD Concept Map

Instructional Media

Instructional Design — Just-In-Time Learning

Just-in-Time learning (JIT) provides a learning solution when it is actually needed, rather than on a deferred basis. It can be automated, such as web based; or having coaches on stand-by for such needs. It has a couple of main advantages:

Although used for a very long time, the modern Job-Performance-Aid traces its modern roots to the JIT method. It began as a printed card that contained step-by-step instructions for performing a specific task. The worker did not have to memorize the steps. Job aids include anything that when added to the work situation improves job performance by guiding, facilitating, or reminding the performers in their accomplishment of job tasks. This method of providing an alternative to improving job performance opened the door to other interventions to changing job performance. Job or performance aids are considered instructional interventions because they also mediate knowledge and skills problems. However, performance aids are not really intended to produce learning, as they are a substitute for learning. Learning that does occur as a result of using the job aid (surely considerable at times) is incidental.